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1909/10 Valuation Records, also known as the Lloyd George Survey
This note was updated in 2023 to add more context and to reflect availability of records online.
The valuation records provide a description of each property at around 1910 - 1915, particularly useful if your family lived in a house that has since been demolished and does not feature in the local history book photos. I am grateful to Mark Herber for describing these records in his excellent Ancestral Trails.
The original records are held at The National Archives, Kew and survive for most of the UK. A major step forward in the 2020s is the availability of records for some counties, including Middlesex, online, thanks to The Genealogist website (£).
I have included some information from these records in the Property pages, but ofen have more material: if you are interested in a particular property then please contact me, I will email what I have.
The following notes give some more information about
The Finance Act
Wikipedia: The 1909/1910 People's Budget was a proposal of the Liberal government that introduced unprecedented taxes on the lands and incomes of Britain's wealthy to fund new social welfare programmes. It passed the House of Commons in 1909 but was blocked by the House of Lords for a year and became law in April 1910. It was championed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, David Lloyd George, and his young ally Winston Churchill, who was then President of the Board of Trade and a fellow Liberal.
As a consequence it is often referred to as the Lloyd George Survey.
The Finance (1909-1910) Act provided for the levy and collection of a duty on the increase in value of all land in the UK. The Act required each district to value each plot of land and this work was completed by the Autumn of 1915.
The exercise resulted in the creation of a number of records; two key ones have been used in this website:
Other records were also created, see for a more detailed information leaflet from The National Archives.
Plans based on the 1894 OS Maps
1894 Ordnance Survey maps were used, each plot of land being given a unique (to the map) reference number which was written on the map. Brentford High Street is split across two maps, one covering the western section, a second covers the eastern end and Kew.
The western section is on map reference XX.4 and has TNA ref IR 121/13/5.
The eastern section is on a map reference XX1.1. I have not been able to find this map at TNA: I have found a map covering the same area but with the Surrey property references added, not those for Brentford which is in Middlesex. Fortunately it is not
One or more field books was compiled for each district: Old Brentford has 36 field books, New Brentford has 6, each containing details of up to 100 plots. If you are searching for details of a particular road, by finding it on the annotated OS Map you can tell which property reference numbers you are interested in and use TNA indexes to order the relevant field books.
Each field book is about A5 size and each plot is described using 4 pre-printed pages. The level of detail varies from one valuer to another and includes
Some of the more colourful descriptions
The character of the valuer was often apparent through his write-ups. Some entries are clearly written and contain much detail; others look casually and quickly turned out; in some cases the description suggests the valuer had had enough of the exercise.
A few examples:
Example from a Field Book
The Field Books which cover High Street properties
Published 2008; last updated April 2023