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The Excise Service in Brentford
Whilst researching the career of Nathan Woodroofe, who was the Excise Collector for the Surrey Collection, and who was based in Old Brentford in the 1820s and 1830s, I found out other information that it seems a shame not to include.
Other pages which may be of interest: the life and work of Nathan Woodroofe and the Excise Service structure, career path and sources.
The Excise Office was responsible for collecting duty on goods manufactured or processed in the UK and the country was divided up into a number of Collections for this purpose. Brentford, although in Middlesex, was part of the Surrey Collection and was headed by the Collector.
In 1840 the Surrey Collection included the towns of Staines Chertsey Woking Kingston Southwark Bromley Croydon Ewell and Brentford. It was subdivided into six Districts: Battersea, Brentford, Chertsey, Croydon, Kensington and Kingston. Each District was further divided into a number of Divisions and Rides.
Brentford had 4 Divisions and 2 Rides in 1840, the former could be covered on foot, the latter required a horse.
In 1852 Brentford District had 5 Divisions (Strand on the Green was the 6th) and the Brentford District Supervisor was responsible for collection of excise duty from 1 distiller, 14 maltsters, 1 soapmaker, 5 brewers and 6 'Other growing Duties'.Top
Names of Excise Officers in Brentford
The Surrey Collector was based at Brentford during the latter part of the 18th Century and into the mid 19th Century (and may have been there much earlier - the records I have used for the most part go back to the 1790s).
By 1866 the Surrey Collection had been re-organised and a Middlesex Collection created: I assume this included Brentford.
The names that follow are in chronological sequence and are not a complete list of all those who worked in the Excise service - they are just those that I came across in the course of research.
Page published August 2010; updated December 2020