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From 370 to 384 High Street, Old BrentfordNorthern side of the High Street, midway between St George’s church to the west and the Waterworks to the east, this section contained the Hand & Flower and Fox & Hounds public houses, both in operation by the early 1800s (one possibly dating back to pre 1760) and a beer house. In 1891 a small enclave of Italian families lived in one of the alleys off this section.
By the time of the 1909/10 Valuation only numbers 370 and 384 are recorded, this area had been taken over by the Gas Light & Coke Company.
Number 370Next door to the Marquis of Granby, this property was occupied by Senols & Barton the grocers. There is a PCC will for Thomas Ball Senols, grocer of Old Brentford dated 1836 and in the 1840 tithe apportionment Mrs Senols, his widow (I), is recorded as the owner and William Barton as the occupier. Her household included 4 grocers in 1841. LMA holds records for the Barton family, one of which includes reference to ‘Two messuages: i.e. One on the North side of the street in Old Brentford in the occupation of William Barton and Jane Senols, with garden, etc., and the other situate near The One Tun in Old Brentford, with all household goods, furniture and effects.’
The 1845 Three Counties Directory includes William Barton, grocer & cheesemonger. By 1851 William had married Jane, he was a ‘master grocer employing 1 man and 1 woman’: the two employees lived in with their employers.
In 1861 24 year old William Morris, ironmonger & grocer lived and worked here. He was succeeded by George Knight, oil and color man and grocer (1871 – 1891 censuses). There is no reference to no. 370 in the 1901 census; the site was taken over by the Gas Light & Coke Company in 1903 (C61).
George Knight, 31 Sydenham Road, Sydenham, Kent is recorded as the owner at the time of the 1909/10 Valuation. The property was rented out for 42 years from 29 September 1901, the first 14 years rent being £10 p.a., the next 14 years £15 p.a. and the final 14 years £30 p.a. The frontage was 30’ 0” and the property is described as a ‘very large brick built & slated workshop and forge, ends of workshop chiefly composed of glass.’ There was a way out to the rear to Chapel Lane.Top
Number 371Richard Clark owned this ‘house and yard’ and four nearby properties when the tithe apportionment took place in 1840. William Gardiner, bricklayer lived here in 1841 & 1851, then Mrs Susannah Gardiner in 1861 and 1871 (she was 80 years old in 1871). Their son Richard started out in his father’s trade of bricklayer and later ran coffee rooms at no. 36. Their granddaughter Louisa married Stephen Gomm, who later ran ‘The Drum’, in 1882.
This property was not listed in 1891 or 1901 and presumably was demolished between 1881 and 1891.
Number 372William Draper owned and occupied this house and outbuildings in 1840 and in the census is recorded as an agricultural labourer, aged 70. He left a PCC will proved in 1849. In 1851 & 1861 William Sullivan, brickfields labourer lived here, sharing the property with William Davis or Davies, agricultural labourer. In 1871 William Sullivan remained here, working as a greengrocer, succeeded by Mrs Ann Sullivan in 1881. This property was not listed in 1891 or 1901 and presumably was demolished between 1881 and 1891 to make way for the Brentford Gas Co. showrooms, which are recorded here in 1913.
Number 373Richard Clarke owned 4 High Street properties in this area at the time of the tithe return in 1839/40 and one was later numbered ‘373’. In the 1841 census Ann Herbert may have lived here, however the tithe enumeration suggests the occupier was either Thomas Hermitage or Henry Green.
By 1851 the occupancy is more certain, as the first of a number of bakers lived here; Samuel Purnell, who previously lived at no. 412 in 1841, was recorded here with his second wife Harriet. He was a master baker born Worton, Wiltshire.
In 1861 Isaac Powell, also a master baker, lived here with his wife Catharine (born Meriden, Warwickshire) and three young children. The family had recently moved to Brentford, their 2 year old was born in Meriden.
By 1871 Joseph Francis, 50, baker had moved here with his wife Catharine, 20. They had two lodgers, George & Sarah Armitage, who appear to be married, though only 15 and 18.
Ten years on, Thomas Allen, baker lived here with his wife, Eliza and four children aged up to 7; his brother William Allen and Charles Jones, both journeyman bakers, completed the household. All were Brentford born except Eliza (Heston). There is a marriage in 1872 in Brentford registration district which suggests Eliza was a Coombes; possibly she is related to the local confectioners, Clarke, Nicholls and Coombs who appear in the 1913 trade directory.
There are no references to no. 373 in 1890 (trade directory) or later censuses and it appears that the Brentford Gas Company showrooms were built here by 1913.Top
Number 374The last reference to occupancy I have found is the 1881 census: numbers 371 to 375 were taken over by the Brentford Gas Co. during the 1880s.
Number 373 was a bakery throughout the period 1851 – 1881 so assuming the next house covered in the census was number 374 the occupants were:
1851: the property next to the bakers was shared by five small households headed by: Samuel Burrows, labourer; William Burrows, labourer; William Childs, labourer; William Lambe, labourer; John Piercey, boot & shoemaker (14 people in total)
1861: Richard W Hughes, pork butcher; there were just three in the household, Richard (46) his wife Emma (45) and daughter Louisa J (18). It seems odd (but not impossible) that a property would accommodate 14 people in 1851 and just 3 in 1861
1871: Reuben Whittaker, age 25, pork butcher, wife Mary, 24, and daughter Sarah, age 1: the continuity of trade suggests this could be the same property as in 1861, Richard Hughes having moved to number 189
1881: the property was numbered by this date and was occupied by John Welch, woodcutter, 40, wife Charlotte (37), daughter Jane (11) and John (5). The children were born in Brentford.Top
Number 375The last reference to occupancy I have found is the 1881 census: numbers 371 to 375 were taken over by the Brentford Gas Co. during the 1880s.
Difficult to trace occupancy with any certainty as the occupants did not have any continuity in surname or trade, but working on the assumption this is next door but one to the bakers at no. 373:
1851: Edmund Tredaway, shoemaker and wife Rebecca both 67; plus a lodger, Elizabeth Hanesmith (?), a married charwoman aged 55
1861: Charles Young, carpenter, 30 headed a household of 11: his wife and three children, plus four unmarried lodgers, including Mart (Margaret?) Maburs a female tin worker, age 20, born Germany, and two married lodgers
1871: George Terries, a hawker, 36, wife Margaret and two small children age 1 and 3, neither born in Brentford
1881: the census enumerator listed first four lodgers, all male labourers at no. 375 (the property was numbered by this date) then the head of household as James Weatherley, 53, a labourer and his family (wife Elen, son Henry), then eight more lodgers including within this three small family unitsTop
Number 376Number 376 was on the western corner of Retort Alley (1881 census - straight from Harry Potter!), with a view of the gasometers from the back.
This property was owned by Mary Burb(r)idge when the Ealing tithe was prepared, and other documents confirm that ‘Vaughan butcher’ lived in the property adjoining the one occupied by Mary, see notes for no. 377.
The 1841 census shows John Vaughan, butcher, heading a household including two apprentice butchers. Occupancy is unclear in the 1851 and 1861 censuses: the Vaughan family had moved to no. 385 by 1851.
In 1871 a lodging house is recorded between numbers 373 (bakers) and 378 (Hand & Flower), occupied by 15 people, mainly hawkers: this could be no. 376. The head of household was William Lilley.
Alternatively, two houses away from Lilley in 1871 John Rogers, coal merchant, headed a household of 11, including 7 lodgers. In 1861 Thomas Rogers, a coal dealer with a son John aged 13 was in this area – it seems likely to be the same family and property in both censuses and could be no. 376.
In 1881 David Mortell, a costermonger, lived here with his wife and 7 lodging labourers: 6 men and one woman. All occupants of the house were born in Ireland. In an 1890 trade directory David Mortell is recorded as a greengrocer at this address. The 1891 census records him as a coal dealer, with his wife, 6 lodgers, all male, all agricultural labourers, three (maybe four) of the labourers were born in Ireland.
There is no reference to no. 376 in the 1901 census, suggesting the building had been demolished by this date.Top
Number 377The Ealing tithe shows a Mary Burbridge owned four houses and premises in this area, occupying one of them, and the map shows two of her properties fronted the High Street. It is not possible to say which property she lived in exactly, but the 1841 census for this part of the High Street includes a Mary Burbridge, age 65 and a burial at St George’s, Old Brentford in December 1844 of Mary Burbridge, age 73, seems likely to be the same person.
Mary Burbridge left a PCC will to which administration was granted in 1845, she is described as a widow of Ealing, Middlesex (Old Brentford being formed from Ealing parish).
Digging further, The National Archives includes in its catalogue reference to a ‘Copy of court roll, manor of Ealing otherwise Zealing’. ACC/1396/025 1846 30 Jan held at London Metropolitan Archives.
“Admission of John Gardner and of Henry Gardner of Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmoreland, respectively husband and youngest son and heir of Frances Catharine Holden Gardner, deceased.
Premises: as in admission 27 March 1826 [see ACC/1396/018], now better described as messuage with butcher's shop, slaughterhouse, stable, in Pipe Makers Alley, Old Brentford, fronting south on High Road from London to Staines, in occupation of Vaughan, butcher; messuage adjoining on east, late in occupation of Mary Burbidge and now unoccupied; three cottages in Pipe Makers Alley, lying at rear of aforementioned messuages; all of which leased to Mary Burbidge [as in ACC/1396/023-024].
ACC/1396/023 confirms the relationship ‘Mary Burbidge of Brentford, widow of Thomas Burbidge, butcher’.
Occupancy until the High Street was numbered is not clear. In 1881 John Green, an annuitant lived here with Mary Richardson, also an annuitant, both were in their 70s.
The 1891 census shows the Guarinire (or Guainiere) family (headed by Joseph, labourer, born Italy) and the West family (headed by Charles, an Acton born labourer) sharing 377, occupying 4 and 2 rooms respectively. The property was uninhabited in 1901 and was later developed by the Gas Light & Coke Company.Top
The Hand & Flower (Number 378, later 379)LMA holds a 21 year lease between John Newton, brewer of Old Brentford and Douglas and Henry Thompson of Chiswick, brewers, dated 1816 for the ‘messuage or tenement and public house known as Hand and Flower (formerly Wilkes's Head) in Old Brentford, with yard, garden etc.’ (I)
In the 1840 tithe apportionment the owner of the Hand & Flower is Joseph Jennings, the occupier John Fisher. The 1841 census shows John Fisher, brickmaker living here, no indication it is a public house, but the 1839 & 1845 trade directories list John Fisher at The Hand & Flower. Living with John Fisher in 1841 was a 20 year old Henry Taylor. There were two Taylor /Tayler families who ran public houses in Brentford, fortunately descendants of both families have been in touch and it has been possible to establish which line ran which pub.
By 1851 Henry J Taylor had taken over, to be succeeded by his younger brother William Tayler, licensed victualler, who is recorded here in every census from 1861 to 1901, by which time he was 75. In the 1881 & 1891 censuses the Hand & Flower was recorded at no. 378 High Street, in 1901 at 379 High Street. It is not clear if this is a genuine re-numbering or a mistake by the enumerator.
LMA has records of Lapsed licences and magisterial certificates including one for ‘The Hand and Flower, Brentford 1901/2’. Numbers 371 to 378 are not referred to in a 1913 trade directory, Brentford Gas Co. showrooms being recorded in this part of the High Street.Top
Number 382A pork butchers for over 50 years: James Hughes owned the property in 1840 (tithe apportionment) and is recorded here in the 1841 census; then Richard W Hughes (1851); George Day (1861); Charles Bantock from Lavenham Suffolk (1871, 1881 & 1891) who moved his business to number 362 by 1901.
Fox and Hounds (384)LMA has records of the North Thames Gas Board for the Fox & Hounds Old Brentford (I) and the earliest of these (dated 1780 and referring back to 1758) indicate the Fox and Hounds was originally called the Queens Head. In 1807 and 1824 there are references to an adjoining blacksmiths and in 1824 the right of way from the street through the gateway of the Fox and Hounds.
In 1839 the publican was James Gascoine. The 1840 tithe apportionment records the owner as GB Cole, presumably George Beauchamp Cole (I), and the occupier as John Gascoine, who also appears here in the 1841 census heading a household of 10 including 7 boarders and lodgers. By 1845 he had been succeeded by Mrs Mary Ann Dale, and there may have been a marriage between the Gascoine and Dale families as a John Gascogne Dale lived at number 61 in 1890 / 1891, a corn & coal merchant.
William Grover was running the Fox and Hounds in 1861. As well as being a licensed victualler he was also a master carpenter & undertaker employing 3 men. By 1861 71 year old Mrs Sarah Monk headed a household of 14 including 10 lodgers. She was followed by Thomas Rogers (1871 and 1881) and Joseph Bryden or Bridgen in 1890 and 1891. In 1891 there were 18 lodgers at the Fox & Hounds including Richard Osborne, rat catcher from Essex.
There is no reference to the Fox and Hounds in the 1901 census but it must have continued operating as it is recorded in a 1913 trade directory as run by John Butler. The building was described in the 1909/10 Valuation (date 20 August 1914) as a 'Public House & premises, frontage including passageway 55' 6"'. It was owned by Brandons Putney Brewery Ltd and was a brick built and slated PH on 3 floors. By 1928 no. 384 was the Gas Light & Coke Company's Social Club (Thomas Rickerby, secretary) and in later directories the 'Staff Dining Club'.Top
Photos/Ephemera/MapsLinks are included below to some photos, ephemera or maps accessible on this site. There may be additional photos on the site - suggest you check the Properties - photos link (the navigation area to the left).
References such as '1899 (X11)' indicate the date of a photo (1899) and where it is published (X11). Details of 'X' are available: see Mainly paper sources page; '11' refers to the page no, or photo no. in the publication.370 Pre 1903 (C61)
383 1900 (C63); 1900 & 2006 (S18)
384 1900 (C63); 1900 & 2006 (S18)
Warning - download over 180k! 1839/41 Tithe Map modern numbers 370 - 373 have tithe property refs 207 - 204
Warning - download over 200k! 1839/41 Tithe Map modern numbers 373 - 384 have tithe property refs 204 - 190
Warning - download over 100k! 1894 Ordnance Survey Map annotated with house numbers
Roads OffPipemakers or Pipe Maker's Alley, later Retort Alley: the 1891 census includes Retort Alley between numbers 376 and 377 and a number of Italians lived here then, the men employed as labourers. The 1893-6 OS map, 5 feet to the mile scale, shows Retort Alley. It appears to be a renaming of Pipe Maker's or Pipemaker's Alley, which is referred to above in the notes for no. 377 and was near to numbers 376/7. This name was used in 1826, 1846 and 1868 (the latter a birth certificate).
The 1839 tithe map shows a passage way on the eastern side of the Fox and Hounds, ie between numbers 384 and 385. This led to Hales Cottages and Fox and Hounds Yard and then on to Back Lane. Over 70 years later in 1913 there is a reference to Hales Cottages and Yard in the Valuation Record for no. 385: ‘a pair of semi-detached 4 roomed cottages’ which were ‘old, dilapidated and closed up’ and lay at the rear of no. 385.Top
Published 2006; last updated December 2017