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From 364 to 369 High Street, Old Brentford

A short stretch on the Northern side of the High Street running between North Road and the Marquis of Granby at no. 369, including St George’s church next door to the Marquis of Granby. This stretch overlooked the gas works.

Behind numbers 364 - 369 lay gardens with a fountain in 1865, with three gasometers just to the east. St Georges Church was rebuilt in 1887 after the surrounding land was sold to the Brentford Gas Company (D24). The 1894 OS map shows the new church building and two of the gasometers rebuilt, one just behind the church.

See three maps of this area dated 1839, 1865, 1894 for details of changes over a 50 year period. Warning - download over 120k!

The Kew Bridge Travelodge now occupies the site between North Road and St George's Church.

Properties

Notes prepared for numbers 364-365, The Queens Arms (366), Gas Office (367), Brentford Lodge (368?), Mrs Trimmer's Sunday School, St George's Church and Marquis of Granby PH (369); also a list of photos, ephemera and maps

Numbers 364-5

Number 364 lay on the corner of North Road and in 1861 housed a pawnbrokers business run by John Burford. He was 73 and living him was his son, also named John, who is recorded as ‘insane’ and presumably could not take over the business. His grandson Thomas, aged 18, completed the immediate family.

Ten years later John senior had presumably died and a Thomas Cullum ran a pawnbrokers business near this location – apparently on the western corner of North Road whereas numbers 364 is on the eastern side. Lodging with him was John Burford junior. The grandson Thomas Burford had moved to Warwickshire, where he is recorded as a ‘retired pawnbroker’ aged 29. However by 1881 he had returned to Brentford and was running a pawnbrokers business at numbers 364 and 365. Relatives living with him had surnames Snow, Reason, Cullum and Nash. By 1891 Thomas had moved to 377 High Road Chiswick, where he was ‘living on his own means’ with his wife and son; living with him were two ‘landscape artists’ (‘sculptor’ has been added later’) and relatives with surnames Nash and Reason.

In 1891 and 1901 just number 364 survived, occupied in both censuses by Thomas Haile(s), foreman at the gas works, and his sizeable family.

In the 1911 census Samuel Perry, general foreman for the Gas Works, 54 lived in this eight-roomed house with his wife Annie Maria and son Samuel T P Perry, 25, a draughtsman at the Gas Works. Samuel Perry is recorded at this address in a 1913 trade directory, later directories to 1940 list Gas Light & Coke Co. in this area.

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The Queens Arms (366)

I cannot find a reference to this before 1871. In the 1871 census John Bowler is recorded as publican at the Queens Arms. In 1881 Mrs Isabel Gelleff, beerhouse keeper and a widow, lived here. There is no record of a beerhouse here in 1891 or later.

The Gas Office (367)

This is marked on the 1865 OS map but there is no census record until 1871, when Job Batchelor, ‘Carman in Charge of Gas Office’ lived here with his wife – he was 68.

The 1911 census shows the Gas Offices occupying the area between no. 364 and the school next to the church.

Brentford Lodge (number 368?)

In 1891 Frank Morris, civil engineer, aged 50 and born Deptford Kent lived at Brentford Lodge, which is listed between the Marquis of Granby and St George’s church. This may be the building set well back from the High Street in a gardened area (1865) near the gasometers. Frank Morris is recorded in the 1874 Post Office Directory ‘engineer, Brentford Gas Co.’, in 1881 at no. 368 ‘civil engineer’ followed in 1901 by his son Frank, ‘gas engineer’.

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Mrs Trimmer’s Sunday School / the Green School (1891, 1871) / Girls School (1881) / St George’s Church Hall

These references from local histories and the census I believe all relate to the same building, still standing on the western side of the church. It was built in 1786 and listed in 1973 (J).

In 1861 Miss Elizabeth Hannah, aged 34, born Tuxford Nottinghamshire was recorded in the census as a governess and presumably lived in the school building. She remained here in 1871 and I have not been able to find her in the 1881 census. However Stephen Lyne wrote to say ‘After working in Brentford she moved up to Leeds living with her family in the 1881 and 1891 census. Her sister Mary Hannah married a J H Lyne in Leeds, 1853. National school teachers moved to Brentford in 1855 first to Half Acre then on to the Ham until their deaths. The whole family was teaching at the school. Their daughter Annie Lyne married Henry T Howard 298-300 High Street. There was still a son teaching there in 1899.’

Mike Horobin, who lived in the Kew Bridge area, remembered he used to walk from St George's School down to the St George's Church Hall, High Street, for school dinners each day in the 1950s. The Hall had a stage at the back and was also used by the 3rd Brentford Cubs.

St. George’s Church

A chapel was founded here in 1762 (Q50) and built in 1766 (Q51) by the Trimmer family and other subscribers, consecrated as a church in 1828 (A28). (Prior to 1828 Old Brentford was a chapelry of Ealing parish).

The church was rebuilt on the same site in 1886-7 and a tower added in 1913 (Q51). It was used as a parish church until 1959 and from 1963 housed the British Musical Museum (C60).

Marquis of Granby (369)

The Marquis of Granby was next door to St George’s church. There is a lease dated 1809 and title deeds for the ‘Marquis of Granby and cottages adjoining’ recorded in a sale in 1822 at LMA (I). It was part of the Chiswick Brewery’s estate.

Richard Smith was the publican here in 1839 (Pigots Directory), in 1841 (when he headed a household of 13 including 4 boarders or lodgers) and 1851. In 1861 Mrs Sarah Smith, aged 39, headed the household. In 1871 and 1881 Thomas Silver was running the pub.

Vicki Patching writes ‘my great, great, great grandad Thomas Silver, ran the Marquis of Granby at 369 High Street, Brentford till his death in 1880 when his son Thomas took over the reins’.

Samuel Ferris had taken over by 1890 and remained here in 1901, when he was 73.

The building was closed in 1903, demolished later and the site taken over by the Gas Light & Coke Company (C61 & B87). A Samuel V. Ferris ran the Half Moon & Seven Stars in 1901.

A 1907 trade directory shows Arscott Murrin at this address. The 1911 census gives his occupation as ‘horse keeper’ and his birthplace: Iddesleigh, Devon; he was 47 and he and his wife and had 5 children, aged 6 to 19, at home. James Allen, a carman for the vegetable market, boarded with the family. Arscott initially recorded no. 369 as having 10 rooms, but this was later amended to 5.

In the 1909/10 Valuation (dated March 1915) no. 369 was described as ‘Very old and dilapidated brick built house of 3 storeys, double-fronted, tiled roof’ and ‘could not inspect premises derelict’. The High Street frontage was 29’ 6” and the building had been sold, freehold, in October 1904 for £644 14s 2d, owners were Messrs Joseph Dorey & Co Ltd, Brentford. There is no reference to no. 369 in a 1913 trade directory and later the Gas Light & Coke Co. built their showrooms in this area.

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Photos/Ephemera/Maps

Links are included below to some photos, ephemera or maps accessible on this site. There may be additional photos on the site - suggest you check the Properties - photos link (the navigation area to the left).

References such as '1899 (X11)' indicate the date of a photo (1899) and where it is published (X11). Details of 'X' are available: see Mainly paper sources page; '11' refers to the page no, or photo no. in the publication.

364 1900 (B64); c1905 and (K123)
365 1900 (B64); c1905 and (K123)
366 1900 (B64); c1905 and (K123)
367 c1905 and (K123)
368 c1905 and (K123)
Mrs Trimmer's Sunday School 1900+ (C62); c1905 and (K123); 2000? (Q101); 2000 (J); 2002 (L) St George's Church c 1880 (D24); pre 1887 (A28); interior c 1900 (C60); c1905 and (K123); 2002 (L)
369 Early 1900s (B87); Pre 1903 (C61)

Warning - download over 180k! 1839/41 Tithe Map modern numbers 364 - 369 have tithe property refs 221 - 208

Warning - download over 100k! 1894 Ordnance Survey Map annotated with house numbers
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Roads Off

North Road between numbers 363 & 364; known as New North Road in 1865 (OS Map) and the 1871 census

Chapel Alley ran along the western edge of Mrs Trimmer’s School

Published 2006; last updated May 2013