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Number 1 to the Salutation or St George's Almshouses, Old Brentford

This is at the far eastern end of the High Street on the southern side, to the east is Kew Bridge Road. This area was originally in Ealing parish, later St George's, Old Brentford and includes the St George’s Almshouses at no. 6. Numbers 3 to 6 backed on to the Thames

In the 1841 census what we now know as Kew Bridge Road was listed as part of the High Street, but in preparing these notes I’ve ignored Kew Bridge Road and concentrated on what became number 1 High Street onwards.

This section of the High Street was listed as ‘Front Street’ in the 1851 census, presumably in contrast to ‘Back Lane’.

Properties

Notes prepared for numbers 1, 2, 3 (The Royal Tar), 4, 5 and 6 (Salutation Almshouses); also a list of photos, ephemera and maps

Number 1

There are deeds at the LMA originating from London County Council relating to this property and others in London dated 1895 – 1938. Henry Wiseman, ‘manager to dairy’ lived here at the time of the 1891 census.

The Valuation Records (1909/10) describe the property as a house and corner shop on the East corner of The Hollows, with a washhouse in the yard for milk cans etc with a clearing yard at the side, the front wall of which was used as an ‘advertising station’ . There were cart gates to the yard and the premises were in ‘fair repair’. The owner’s name was altered from Messrs Pickfords Ltd to Mr Handsley, who lived in Chiswick. The occupiers were The National Dairy Co Ltd.

In 1911 Fred Brown and his wife Mary Ann lived here with their four children, the parents and eldest son being born in Lincolnshire, the remaining three children in Brentford. Fred Brown was a dairyman, a worker and one of his sons, Alfred Stokes Brown, age 18, was a ‘milk carrier assist in business’. The property had 5 rooms. Living at the same address was Mrs Annie Kemish, a widow aged 62, who occupied one room.

The Oak Farm Dairy Co is listed here in the 1913 trade directory, then David Haywood in 1920, 1928, 1933 & 1940.

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See reference on Museum of London's archaeology website to 1 Brentford High Street:

“Cutting natural gravels and, on the N side of the site, brickearth, were three small post-medieval pits, an 18th-c ditch aligned at right-angles to the High Street, and several brick structures. Of particular interest were the remains of a large building on the E side of the site, identified on 19th-c maps (dating back to 1839) as a malthouse. Walls abutting the malthouse were dated to the 19th c, as was a brick-lined soakaway.”

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Number 2

This property lay on the western corner of The Hollows and is not recorded in trade directories or censuses after 1891. In 1881 the property was occupied by two households headed by Charles Pearce, waterman (wife Priscilla and hour children aged 1 to 11, all Brentford-born) and Jonathan Hawkes, gas labourer, 23 and his wife Susan and son John James aged 2.

In 1890 and 1891 Alfred Ives, a shoemaker, lived here. The census shows he was 61, had a wife Elizabeth, stepson James(?Waren), labourer and widowed lodger Harriet Beesley, laundress.

In the 1909/10 Valuation I have not found a reference to no. 2 High Street yet. The Royal Tar (no. 3) is described as having a 32’ frontage to the Hollows, suggesting that no. 2 had been demolished or incorporated into the Royal Tar Beerhouse by this date. The OS map published in 1961 shows changes in properties in this area and at this date no. 2 was a building behind no. 3, accessed via The Hollows.

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Royal Tar Beerhouse - number 3

The Royal Tar beerhouse is listed in trade directories and censuses from 1841; it was run by Richard Pearce in 1841 (when he was also working as a waterman) through to 1861. In the tithe return (1839/1841) Richard Pearce is listed as the occupier, the owner was Joseph Napper, who also owned two adjacent houses & yards (see no. 4).

By 1871 Isaac Beese ‘beerseller & boiler maker’, Bristol-born, ran the beerhouse. In the same household were his wife and daughter, both named Priscilla, and Richard Pearce, his wife’s father, who ran the Royal Tar previously. Two nieces surname Marriner also lived here.

William Brooks, lighterman, had taken over by 1881: Trevor Mitchell advises William was the husband of Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Pearce and that another daughter, Jane Pearce, was working there as a waitress.

By 1891 John T Wilson, gas stoker lived here, in 1898 John Francis Wilson, beer retailer, and in 1901 William Atkinson from Knutsford in Cheshire. In 1907: Arthur Ernest Dodgson, in 1911: E. Britton.

The Valuation Records (1909/10) describe the property as brick built and slated, with 3 bedrooms, a club room and WC on the first floor; 2 main bars, a jug bar and kitchen on the ground floor. The small yard had a WC and urinal. The owner was Ashby’s Staines Brewery and the frontage to the High Street was 34’ 0”, to The Hollows 32’ 0”.

In the 1911 census Henry Arthur Webb managed the Royal Tar. He had a one year old adopted daughter. The property had six rooms and four boarders: a mother, Constance Harvey, her married daughter Daisy O’Brien and sons John Nue, 18, (pointsman, electric tramway) and Thomas Nue, 15, errand boy for a corn chandler.

There were a number of changes of occupier after 1911: to Richard Evans by 1913, Henry George Spilling by 1921, Albert Charles Barber by 1928, George Charles Payne by 1933, Arthur Burrows (1937 & 1938) and Arthur Burrows (1937 & 1938).

The 1939 register shows Tom Hills, born in 1908, as the licensee; living with him were Percy and Mary A Hills, born in 1883 and 1878 respectively: parents to Tom? The final occupant was Winifred F Hills, born 1915, unmarried and presumably younger sister to Tom. Later annotations to the register ‘Chunn Edwards’ may indicate Winifred’s married name(s). Tom Hills remained here in 1940.

By the 1990s the pub was O’Riordan’s and continues in 2011 under this name (but during 2005 to 2008 it was known as Captain Morgan’s).

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Number 4

Joseph Napper, a lighterman, was listed next door to the Royal Tar at number 4 in 1841; he died and left a PCC will in 1847. (The will transcript is followed by notes about his earlier life and includes a link to an account of a court case at the Court of Common Pleas in 1830 where Joseph was the defendant (although it appears his wife was the offender!).

In 1851 number 4 was occupied by his widow, Elizabeth Mary Napper, by then aged 70, a ‘proprietor of houses’, and her female servant. It seems likely Elizabeth remained here until her death in 1859; she left a will (total effects under £3000 - a large sum) and the probate index describes her as being 'late of High Street Old Brentford'; she died on 11 August and was buried at St Mary Ealing on the 17th August 1859, age 78.

Presumably the High Street properties held by Elizabeth were sold after her death and in 1861 George Winter, lighterman, lived at no. 4. Brentford & Chiswick Local History Journal 2007 notes ‘The Winters ran the largest of the lighter fleets in 1841, and Thomas Winter … was one of only four barge owners to receive compensation’ (following the 1841 flood). George Winter may be related to Thomas Winter.

In 1871 William Becknell, barge builder, and William Bearman, blacksmith, shared the property; John William Smith, another barge builder, lived here in 1881, then John Wilson, carman, in 1891.

In 1901 a building was recorded between number 3 and the almshouses at no. 6.

In 1911 John Wilson, 52, was recorded in the census at 4 High Street in the enumerator’s list, but he gave his address as 4 Victoria Wharf suggesting the two addresses were interchangeable. He was a yardsman, lime and cement merchants and the property has three rooms.

1913 – 1933 trade directories show Wiggins & Co, lime merchants at numbers 4 & 5, The 1909/10 Valuation records Wiggins & Co as occupiers, Fanny E Mann as the owner. The premises consisted of a house, stables, wharf & premises with a frontage of 18’ 6” to the High Street, more at rear. The house was old, brick built and slated with one floor and basement. The ground floor had 1 room divided into two, a cart entrance at the side and a store room over. The basement included a stable with 4 stalls; there was a large brick built stores on two floors fronting the river. The annual rent was £60.

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Number 5

As no. 5 was two doors along from the Royal Tar at no. 3 and next to the Almshouses at no. 6, the occupants of no. 5 can be arrived at (assuming the enumerator kept on the straight and narrow). In 1861 Thomas Kent, auctioneer, 51 or 57 lived here with his wife, Sarah, daughter, sister and nephew, all born Northamptonshire.

By 1871 Thomas had died. His widow Sarah remained at no. 5 running a sweetshop. With her lived her widowed daughter, Catherine Burley or Bailey who assisted in the shop, granddaughter Susan Burley or Bailey, 8, nephew William Hathersley and a lodger Charles Matthew.

No reference has been found to no. 5 in the 1881 or 1891 census.

In a 1898 trade directory Wiggins & Co, lime, slate, tile, cement & drainpipe merchants, are listed at Victoria wharf, High Street and Lionel Road, Kew Bridge.

Later directories give an address of 4&5 High Street: see no. 4 for details.

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Saluation Almshouses, number 6

4 double almshouses, called the Salutation or St George's Almshouses were built in 1794 opposite the Salutation Inn. The 5 feet to the mile OS map published in 1895 shows each almshouse was around 13 foot square with a small extension to the rear around 3 feet deep (possibly the coal cupboards referred to in the 1909/10 Valuation).

The eight lady occupants are listed from the 1841 census through to the 1939 register. They were mainly widows and a few still worked; otherwise they were variously described as almswomen or parochial pensioners.

A 1945/6 photo shows the building as two blocks with a central arch between them and a plaque over the arch. There were two floors with eight windows to the High Street on each floor but no front door(s) – presumably access was through the back.

Most of the census returns group the women in pairs; this may be due to recording each pair of rooms on each floor as a unit; each woman occupying one of the rooms. This arrangement is confirmed by the 1911 census, which records 7 women each occupying one room.

Those whose names are in bold below were also recorded in the following census:

1841: eight women were listed in pairs

  • Sarah Arnold, 80, almswoman, born Middlesex
  • Anne Snow, 77, almswoman, born Middlesex
  • Anne Dear, 60, almswoman, born Middlesex
  • Mary Powell, 60, almswoman, born Middlesex
  • Frances Harris, 75, almswoman born Middlesex
  • Sarah Astridge, 65, almswoman, not born Middlesex
  • Sarah Everard, 80, almswoman, born Middlesex
  • Susannah Pearse, 70, almswoman, not born Middlesex

1851: the almshouses were listed as Almshouse no. 1 through to 8:

  • Jane Stokes, widow, 74, alms-woman born Brentford; her grandson George Weblin, age 11, was staying with her
  • Charlotte Shackle, widow, 73 alms woman born Brentford; her married son Thomas, 35, was staying with her
  • Sarah Ellis, widow, 71 alms woman born Ware, Herts
  • Mary Narroway, widow, 58 alms-woman (lacemaker) born Winslow, Bucks
  • Ann Brooks, 70 alms woman born Barnes, Surrey; her married daughter Mary Armitage was staying with her
  • Mary Powell, widower, 70 alms woman, born Brentford
  • Almshouses 7 and 8: occupiers slept from home

In 1861 the ladies were recorded as four units of two:

  • Mary Narroway, widow, 70, formerly lace maker, born Winslow Bucks
  • Mary Chutoy, unmarried, 55, chair woman, born Brentford
  • Phebe Ambridge, widow, 71, nurse, born Escot Herts
  • Hannah Watson, widow, 70, nurse, born London
  • Ann Kelley, widow, 71, formerly a Hawker, born Blumsbury (Bloomsbury) London
  • Sarah Ellis, widow, 80, formerly chair woman, Ware Herts
  • Sarah Earl, widow, 73 born Walton Suffolk
  • Sarah Marshall, widow, 66 born Brentford

In 1871 the Almshouses were recorded as four houses, each occupied by two households; the enumerator was working from west to east:

  • Ann Kelley, widow, 80 born London
  • Ann Richardson, widow, 61 born Hadstock Essex
  • Mary Narraway, widow, 76, formerly lace maker, born Winslow, Bucks
  • Mary Chutter, widow, 68 born Brentford
  • Margaret Morgan, widow, 72 born (?) Merthyr Tydfil Wales
  • Mary Ann Wilde, widow, 74, needlewoman born Warborough, Oxon
  • Elliner Hart, widow, 79, born ? ford, Surrey? (in 1861: Back Lane, Elanor Hart, occupation ‘pew opener’, age 70 born Deptford, Kent.)
  • Charlotte Weatherly, widow, 81 birthplace ditto-ed from Elliner Hart; her 51 year old unmarried daughter Eliza shared the room

The 1881 census listed 1 Alsmhouse, room 1, room 2; 2 Almshouse room 3, room 4 etc:

  • Room1: Sarah Richardson, unmarried, 81, born Brentford; her sister Mercy Sansom, widow 71 and a boarder, Susan Stannard, 17 shared the one room with her
  • Room 2: Ann Treadaway, widow, 76 born Ascot, Berkshire
  • Room 3: Georgina Hall, widow, 72, born Chelsea
  • Room 4: Mary Walsh, widow, 64 born Cork Co.
  • Room 5: Jane Dickenson, widow, 80 born Staines
  • Room 6: Eliza Basley, widow, 62 born Brentford
  • Room 7: Ann Richardson, widow, 70 born Hadstock Essex
  • Room 8: Sarah Lingwood, widow, 80 born Binnington (Benington?) Hertfordshire

In 1891 the occupants of the almshouses were listed as two groups of four, I think the first four lived in the western block, the next four in the eastern block:

  • Martha Armitage, widow, 80 born Ealing
  • Eliza Bazley, spinster, 72 born Brentford
  • Ann Richardson, widow, 79 (birthplace blank)
  • Sarah Lingwood, widow, 90 (birthplace blank); her married daughter Fanny Austin, 52, born Brentford, was also recorded at this address
  • Mary Welch, widow, 76 born Ireland
  • Mercy Sansom, widow, 82 born Brentford
  • Susanna Dawson, spinster (?24 - seems unlikely), born Holborn London
  • Hannah Weblin, widow, 59 born Brentford

In 1901 the Almshouses were recorded in the following sequence: number 8, 7, 3, 4, 2, 1, 6 and 5. The occupants, who were all 'parochial pensioner', bar one lady who was still working, lived in numbers 1 to 8 as follows:

  • 1: Judith Rand, widow, 76 born Plumstead Norfolk
  • 2: Emma Sheppard, widow, 66, born Brentford End, Isleworth
  • 3: Maria Field, widow, 65 born Brentford
  • 4: Ann Pritchard, widow, 72 born Dover Kent; her grandson, Thomas E Batten, 14, was also at this address
  • 5: Ann(a?) Weblin, widow, 69, charwoman, born Ealing Road Brentford
  • 6: Phoebe Martin, widow, 81, born Egham
  • 7: Hannah Wills, widow, 65 born Isleworth
  • 8: Mary Parkins, widow, 75 born Brentford

The Valuation Records (1909/10) describe the almshouses as ‘consisting of 2 small blocks of rooms, each block containing on the top floor 2 rooms and on the ground floor 2 rooms, the ground floor rooms have a coal cupboard each’. In the West block the numbers upstairs were 1 & 3, downstairs 2 & 4. In the East block 5 & 7 upstairs, 6 & 8 downstairs. At the rear was a small garden, a common washing house and 2 WCs. The premises were repaired in 1871. The trustees, who paid the insurance and were liable for repairs were:

  • M Thomas, The Lodge Brentford
  • Rev T Selby Henrey, St Georges Vicarage Brentford
  • J Clements JP, Thames Bank House, Brentford
  • G H Jupp, Stafford House
  • W J Newens, 327 High Street Brentford
  • W J Noy, The Homestead, Clayponds Lane, Brentford

In the 1911 census the almshouse occupants were each recorded separately and occupied numbers 1 to 7 St George’s Alms Houses, Old Brentford (no. 8 was uninhabited). In each case the individual occupied one room:

  • 1: Harriett Newton, widow, 72 (who had been married 45 years and had 14 children of which 9 were still living), monthly nurse, born in the County of Waterford Ireland
  • 2: Harriett Elizabeth Newman, 80, widow, old age pensioner born Paddington
  • 3: Mary Ann Thomas, widow, 74, old age pensioner born Brentford
  • 4: Matilda Jane Wheatley, widow, 78, old age pensioner born Thorpe Surrey
  • 5: Catharine Seares, single, 76, old age pensioner born Isleworth
  • 6: Maria Field, widow, 72, old age pensioner born Old Brentford 13th July
  • 7: Emma Jane Sheppard, widow, 76 (who had 9 children of which 8 were still living) old age pensioner, born Brentford

The Marylebone Mercury, March 25 1939, reported that the Town Council of the Borough of Brentford ‘under section 26 of the Housing Act, 1936, on the 22nd day of February, 1939, made a clearance order which is about to be submitted for confirmation by the Minister of Health ordering the demolition’ of the St George’’s Almshouses.

Three months later, 24 June 1939, the same newspaper reported John Skinner, the Town Clerk, had confirmed the clearance order adding ‘The order will become operative at the expiration of six weeks from the date of publication of this notice’ unless proceedings were instituted in the High Court within that period.

Perhaps this did go to the High Court; or perhaps the start of WW2 on the 1st September brought other priorities. Four weeks later when the 1939 Register was taken, 29th September, the St George’s Almshouses still had seven occupants. The were recorded in the sequence numbers 4, 1, 2, 6, 5, 7 and 8:

  • Bridget Main, born 14 June 1869 (age 70), widow, old age pensioner
  • Mary A McCarthy, born 10 Feb 1859 (age 80), widow, old age pensioner
  • Agnes Keen, born 16 June 1865 (age 74), widow, old age pensioner
  • Ann Stepney, born 11 Mar 1859 (age 80), widow, incapacitated
  • Kate E Hickey, born 27 Mar 1862 (age 77), widow, old age pensioner
  • Eliza Ten?, born 19 Sep 1860 (age 79), widow, old age pensioner
  • Agnes Church, born 9 July 1859, widow, incapacitated

In 1941 the Charity Commission notified of the sale of the Almshouses and the land behind them for the sum of £1350 (unless a higher offer was made): ‘further particulars may be obtained from Charles Turner Esq, of Clifden Corner, 13 Boston Manor Road, Brentford’.
Marylebone Mercury, 19 July 1941.

The 1945/6 photo shows the building was no longer occupied.

According to Gillian Clegg in Brentford Past when the almshouses closed the inhabitants were re-housed and money from the sale of the site used to establish a pension fund for them.

The OS map published in 1961 shows the site had been redeveloped and a new building was allocated numbers 4-6 High Street.

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Photos/Ephemera/Maps

Links are included below to some photos, ephemera or maps accessible on this site. There may be additional photos on the site - suggest you check the Properties - photos link to the left.

References such as '1899 (A11)' indicate the date of a photo (1899) and where it is published (A11). Details of 'A' are available: see Mainly paper sources page; '11' refers to the page no, or photo no. in the publication.

3 The Royal Tar (1937); O'Riordan's 1990s (Y98)
Salutation or St George's Almshouses (D26); 1945 photo and notes (Q86); 1945/6 H Felton photo

Warning - download over 200k! 1839/41 Tithe Map modern numbers 1 - 6 have tithe property refs 123 - 113

Warning - download over 100k! 1894 Ordnance Survey Map annotated with house numbers

Roads Off

The Hollows between numbers 1 & 2

Published 2005; last updated November 2016