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Not Brentford New

Brentford Families - Folkard

A newspaper article from 1835 described a court case in which Thomas Folkard, pawnbroker of Old Brentford, was asked to explain his surcharge of fourpence on a lady who had pledged a ring. The name Folkard sounded like a character from Dickens; his occupation too; and the court case was in the year before the serial publication of The Pickwick Papers. So research into the Folkard family and pawnbroking seemed timely. The newspaper account notes Thomas was the son of a pawnbroker and his reference to regulations dating back 50 years suggests he was not a young man.

Looking first at records referring to Folkard of Brentford, there is one earlier reference on this website: in 1826 John Cope Folkard of Old Brentford was a pawnbroker and fire office agent for the Albion.

Searches for 'Folkard, pawnbroker' and 'John Cope Folkard' using the newspaper archive on findmypastuncovered a family enterprise: Earlier pieces from 1810-1819 refer to Folkard of London Road. In July 1823 a sale of books included items from Folkard of London Road and Folkard of Providence Row, suggesting expansion. A sale in November 1823 mentions Folkard of London Road, Providence Row and Brentford: a branch had opened in Brentford. A witness statement from an Old Bailey trial of 1827 adds some information about the Providence Row branch; William Marchant: 'I live with Daniel Folkard, a pawnbroker , in Providence-row'. An 1829 advertisement for the sale of a valuable assortment of unredeemed pledges also refers to the Brentford shop.

An Old Bailey case from 1836 confirms John Cope Folkard's location ' I am a pawnbroker and live at Old Brentford'.

A newspaper advert for another pledge sale, December 1838, mentions goods from Potter (late Folkard) of Brentford; it is known that William Potter was at 288/9 High Street - later to become Rattenburys well-known shop - and it seems likely John Cope and Thomas Folkard used the same premises as early as 1823.

The newspaper cuttings suggest the Folkards had moved out of Brentford by the end of 1838 and later references from the Old Bailey website and newspaper accounts show the London businesses continued. As to what happened to Thomas - no evidence has been found that he was buried in Brentford. A Thomas Folkard of William Street was buried in 1836 at St Marylebone, age 45, but the register provides no further details to help link him to the Brentford pawnbroker. However it is an unusual name so is a possibility. It is also possible Thomas changed trade following the demise of the Brentford business.

A final Old Bailey case from 1842 confirms the original business location: John Cope Folkard was of London road, pawnbroker and the account states 'Mr. Folkard said his father, who kept the shop before him ...'.

Google searches also revealed a cross-over between pawnbrokers and gold and silversmiths as the surname Folkard appears in Grimwade's London Goldsmiths - 1697-1837 - Their Marks & Lives. The biographies' section shows:
14 January 1797 birth of John Cope son of Daniel and Elizabeth Folkard, St George The Martyr, Southwark
1841 UK Census for London Road, Southwark, pawnbroker. Household includes son Daniel B Folkard, assistant pawnbroker, 21.
1851 UK Census 16a London road St George Southwark:

  • John C Folkard, 54, pawnbroker & silversmith employing 3? men, bn St George, Surrey
  • Hannah " wife, 53 bn Cripplegate Middx
  • Henry Cooke, unmarried, 29, shopman, bn Hemel Hempstead
  • James G? Poole, unm, 25, shopman, Cripplegate, Mdx
  • Charles Davison,unm, 19, shopman, St Pancras Mdx
  • Charles A Romain, unm 16, warehouse lad, Lambeth Surrey
  • Emma Gedding, unm 19, house servant, Lewisham? surrey
  • Sarah Greathurst unm 29, house servant, Marylebone Mdx
1861 UK Census for 3 Caledonian Place, Broadwater, Sussex includes John C Folkard, retired silversmith.
He died in 1863.
The National Trust website includes an image of a silver teapot made by John Cope Folkard.

Finally two marriage entries found on ancestry.co.uk provide more information about the whereabouts of JCF before and between censuses:
John Cope Folkard, of St George Bloomsbury married Hannah Crouch by Banns at St Leonard Shoreditch by Licence 16 Feb 1819; witnesses included Daniel Folkard.
John Cope Folkard, widower of St George Southwark married Martha Baxter Stapp spinster of Lambeth, dau of John Stapp cheesemonger decd by licence 19 June 1855 at St Mary Lambeth, he was the son of Daniel Folkard pawnbroker, decd

Daniel Folkard was recorded in an 1832 Electoral register at 16, London-road, Southwark.

That still leaves gaps in the story of Thomas Folkard and his relationship to John Cope is unknown: if you come across him in your research please get in touch!

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Page published March 2016